Geography and Origins
New York City is located on the Eastern Atlantic coast of the United States, at the mouth of the Hudson River. The city center resides at the exact location of 40 degrees, 42 minutes, 51 seconds N latitude, and 74 degrees, 0 minutes 23 seconds W longitude. New York City is made of five boroughs, each of which is a county.Brooklyn (Kings Co.) and Queens occupy the western portion of Long Island, whileStaten Island (Richmond Co.) and Manhattan are compeletely on their own land masses.The Bronx, to the north, is attached to the New York State mainland.
"Discovery" and Settlement
New York was briefly (1789-90) the U.S. capital and was state capital until 1797. By 1790 it was the largest U.S. city, and the opening (1825) of the ERIE CANAL, linking New York with the GREAT LAKES, led to even greater expansion. In 1898 a new charter was adopted, making the city Greater New York, a metropolis of five boroughs.